Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park

Address: Brest Region, Belovezskaya puscha
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A key tourist attraction of Belarus, Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park is what’s left of the primeval forest which used to stretch from the Baltic Sea to the Buh River and from Odder to the Dnieper River. The park is located 340km to the south-west of Minsk in the Brest region of Belarus  It is one of 4 National Parks in Belarus  and the largest forest in the lowlands of central Europe. The first records of the Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park date back to the year 983. The name comes from a white tower in the vicinity (Belaya Vezha) erected 700 years ago, and the name Pushcha is mentioned in both Lithuanian and Polish historical documents dating back to the 15th century.

Картинки по запросу Национальный парк "Беловежская пуща"

Картинки по запросу Национальный парк "Беловежская пуща"

Картинки по запросу Национальный парк "Беловежская пуща"

Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park has been a battleground throughout the ages. The Napoleonic War and world wars have all taken their toll on the forest. In 1939 the land was declared a state reserve and in 1944 part of the reserve was given to neighbouring Poland. Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992. In 1993 it was granted UNESCO Biosphere Reserve status. Today Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park is one of the most famous places in Belarus and plays a very important role in the ecology of Belarus. The park is famous for its ancient named oak trees dating back more than 500 years. In all there are almost 900 species of trees and flowers here including:

  • old ash
  • pine
  • silver fir
  • rare grass plants

Картинки по запросу Национальный парк "Беловежская пуща"

Картинки по запросу Национальный парк "Беловежская пуща"

Картинки по запросу Национальный парк "Беловежская пуща"

Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park is also home to more than 250 animal and bird species, including:

  • the largest population of the rare European bison
  • wolf
  • lynx
  • otter
  • tarpan European wild horse
  • greater spotted eagle
  • crane
  • woodpecker
  • long tailed tawny owl

As well as the forest, Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park also boats a zoo, library and a museum, and supports wood processing, handicrafts and various local industries.  

Картинки по запросу Национальный парк "Беловежская пуща"

Картинки по запросу Национальный парк "Беловежская пуща"

 

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