Belarus in five days

Belarus is off the radar of most travellers, but this rarely explored corner of eastern Europe has just given them the legislative equivalent of a come-hither glance: loosening entry requirements to allow citizens of 80 countries to visit visa-free for up to five days, as long as you arrive by air (or via one land border where visa-free entry is being trialled).

In recent years Belarus’ lively capital, Minsk, has caught on as an alternative weekend break. While Minsk’s worthwhile museums and impressive dining and nightlife scene make for a thoroughly enjoyable experience, the five-day visa-free scheme allows you to cut your teeth on provincial Belarus, a famously flat land of fairytale castles, rolling sunflower fields, forgotten schtetls (Jewish villages) and enchanted forests. You can’t do it all in five days, but with careful route-planning you can cherry-pick a few of the best spots before your visa expires.

Mir Castle perfectly reflected in a tranquil pond © Greg Bloom / Lonely Planet

First, the logistics. Assuming you’ll want a day or two in Minsk, you’ll be left with three or four days to explore the provinces. There are some great day-trip options to fill a couple of days using the capital as a base. To avoid backtracking to Minsk afterwards, we recommend flying into the country on a one-way ticket and departing overland into Poland via the pleasant western Belarusian city of Brest, where you can overnight. Departing through Ukraine or Lithuania is possible but less practical, as the main attractions are toward the Polish border.

Day trippin’

The major rental car agencies are well represented in the Belarusian capital, road rules are straightforward and provincial roads organised and traffic-free. Top on your hit list should be a pair of 16th-century castles that lie within a 90-minute drive southwest of the capital – Mir and Nyasvizh.
Both castles are Unesco World Heritage sites and both are legacies of the Radziwills, a family of Lithuanian nobles that rose to prominence under the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

Impressive inner courtyard at Nyasvizh Castle © Greg Bloom / Lonely Planet

Nyasvizh Castle is an enormous complex whose 30-plus rooms comprise a museum detailing the history of Radziwills and the area under Lithuanian, Polish and Russian rule. The opulent interior evokes the great tsarist-era palaces of St Petersburg. Mir Castle wows with its impossibly picturesque exterior. Its five towers reflected perfectly in an adjacent pond, the castle has become the poster-child for Belarus tourism. The two castles are just 35km from each other, making them a perfect day-trip combo.

If you want to linger another night in Minsk – and who would blame you, given the wealth of restaurants and cracking nightlife – plan a second day of excursions out of the capital. You have a few choices, but the first on our list is the fascinating Stalin Line Museum, 25km northwest of the capital. It’s an impressive collection of Soviet war paraphernalia in a sprawling field that once formed part of the ‘Stalin Line’ – a defensive bulwark that stretched more than 1000km along the Soviet Union’s western border before WWII. Original bunkers have been restored, and you can even take a joyride in a Soviet tank. It’s an absolute must for WWII buffs and nicely complements the superb Museum of the Great Patriotic War in Minsk.

Helicopters lined up at the Stalin Line Museum © Greg Bloom / Lonely Planet

The Stalin Line Museum can easily be combined with a visit to the moving memorial in Khatyn, one of many Jewish villages wiped out by the Nazis in WWII. If you prefer something more uplifting, head south of Minsk to a pair of interesting open-air folk museums: the Dudutki interactive museum, where you’ll sample homemade samahon (moonshine) and salo (cured pork fat), and the authentic Museum of Folk Architecture & Rural Lifestyle in Azyartso.

Traditional windmill at the Dudutki open-air folk museum © Greg Bloom / Lonely Planet

Westward bound

Next, it’s off to Brest for your final couple of days. Save time and money on accommodation by taking a night train – an experience in its own right. Or you can take the daily business-class express train, which leaves Minsk in late afternoon and gets you to Brest in less than four hours.
Brest is easily the most interesting Belarusian provincial capital, and its cobbled walking streets, centuries-old churches and leafy parks provide a perfect antidote to monolithic Minsk. Just west of the city, the Bug River forms the border with Poland; the locals will often approach you to make conversation in broken English.

The lovely 200-year-old St Nikolaiv Church in Brest © Greg Bloom / Lonely Planet

Brest is a great place to spend a day or so, with excellent restaurants and unpretentious bars and clubs. Enjoy a cosmopolitan meal at the city’s top restaurant, Jules Verne, then join the lively crowd for shots and no-holds-barred dancing at Coyote Bar or Korova.

Brest’s main attraction is the Brest Fortress, a rambling collection of war and art museums in restored 18th-century buildings at the confluence of the Bug and Mukhavets Rivers. A small band of Red Army soldiers held out here for a month against the invading Nazis and became Soviet legends. Some truly fantastic chunks of Soviet realism, including the notorious Courage Monument, honour these men.

You can walk to the Brest Fortress in about 30 minutes from vul Savetskaya, the city’s pedestrianised central street, via vul Holholya (Gogol St), a boulevard lined with trees and quirky statues built into gas street lamps – collectively known as Alleya Fonary. Indeed, you can walk almost anywhere in Brest, which is a huge part of its appeal. 

The monolithic Courage Monument at the Brest Fortress © Greg Bloom / Lonely Planet

In your last day, take a taxi to Belavezhskaya Pushcha National Park, a last refuge of Europe’s largest mammal, the European bison (zubr, locally). The experience, like many in Belarus, is tinged with Soviet nostalgia – think bus tours to the ‘home’ of Ded Moroz, the Soviet Santa Claus. A more rewarding way to explore the park is by bicycle hired at the park entrance (€5). If you time it right (ie at dusk between October and April), you might even get the ultimate reward: spotting a zubr in the wild.

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Nesvizh: The City Of A Romantic Castle

Nesvizh was first documented in 1223, later becoming a part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In the 15th century, while still a minor town, it passed to the Radziwill princely family, and remained the family's home until 1813. The first Belarusian language book printed in the Latin alphabet, a catechism by Symon Budny, was published in Nesvizh in 1562.

Grodno Region

Grodno region boasts multiple attractions, such as Mir Castle Complex, Holszany and Lida Castles, Girviaty Trinity Church, and the beautiful architectural panorama of Grodno itself.

Minsk Region

There are multiple places to visit in Minsk Region. Besides the capital itself, don't miss Nesvizh, Khatyn, and Dudutki.

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